August 23, 2011: Nonfiction Research and Reflection 1

Thank you for taking time to search, access, and reflect upon a nonfiction related to a current issue happening in a region or country in Africa.    Please organize your five categories of response in the comment space at the end of this post in the following manner; you may use block paragraphing to separate sections.

MLA Citation of Your Actual Information Source (you may use NoodleTools or the built in MLA style citation of your article to create the generation.  See Ms. Hamilton if you need help!).

Factual Summary:  short summer of the nonfiction piece you’ve read

Vocabulary:    
A.  Identify vocabulary words in the article that were unfamiliar or somewhat difficult to understand
B.  Explain how your resolved of understanding with the words

Interpretation:  what was the main point the author wanted you to get from reading this work?

Criticism:
A.  With which points of the piece did you agree or find easy to accept?  Why?
B.  With which points of the piece did you disagree or find difficult to believe? Why?

Personal Response:  

What do you think about this piece  OR how does this piece influence your ideas?

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19 comments on “August 23, 2011: Nonfiction Research and Reflection 1

  1. Jacob H says:

    Factual Summary:
    This is an article about Apartheid. The article is about blacks and whites becoming equal. It is about them coming together to abolish Apartheid. Apartheid was supposed to be gone around 1994, but soon after came back. When we abolish Apartheid is when humanity truly will beat politics.

    Vocabulary:
    The vocabulary that i had trouble with in the article was: Regime, Money Laundering, and Irregular Tenders. In order to find out what these words mean, i first kept reading. I kept reading to read over it and see if i could get a sense of what it means. Then i went and looked them up to make sure.

    Interpretation:
    The most important thing that the author wants us to get from the article is how important it is to abolish Apartheid. If we just let it happen, it will tear our country apart and most likely start some kind of a war. He wants us to see that it is very important for us to fight Apartheid.

    Criticism:
    The part of the article i understood and believed was right was why he got so fired up about abolishing Apartheid. He was trying to get people to join him in the fight against Apartheid. However, i do not think this battle with Apartheid will ever be over. There will always be those people that keep it going or start it back up again.

    Personal Response:
    I think the author of this article is pretty much dead on. He needs to continue fighting and not give up. If he keeps fighting Apartheid, maybe a couple people will join, then a couple more, then a lot of people. I think he should keep up the good work and keep fighting.

  2. Natalie S says:

    Natalie S.
    Lester 3rd
    Honors 10th Lit
    21 August 2011
    Nonfiction Reading: HIV/AIDS Worsens Child Labor in Africa, Says ILO
    HIV/AIDS Worsens Child Labor in Africa, Says ILO, by Xinhua News Agency, addresses the relationship between the HIV/AIDS pandemic and the heightened issue of child labor in African society today. The article suggests that the cause of child labor can be found within the growing number of parents dying from HIV/AIDS. According to the article, children left without parental figures have no one to depend on, and therefore turn to child labor as a means of survival. Africa remains in turmoil due to the lack of research surfacing about HIV/AIDS.
    Within the article, the word excacerbating caught my eye. To further my understanding of the word, I referenced http://www.dictionary.com and came up with the definition.
    The authors intentions in writing this article are for the reader to understand the circle-of-decline people in poverty are suffering from today. The article described how poverty, HIV and child labor are all part of a vicious cycle of African decline.
    I found ti easy to accept that poverty-stricken children would turn to low-paying labor facilitators as a means of living. It is understandable that a child would compromise his or her rights to stay alive. However, I found it shocking that there has been so little progress in the search for the cure or treatment of HIV/AIDs. It is amazing to me that our doctors can study so much and conclude so little.
    Personally, I found this piece to be very emotion-provoking. It left me feeling terrible because I can do nothing to help the situation. It is such a sad world we live in, that people with money do not use the amount that they should to help those in need. I felt angry to know that children are being mistreated and taken advantage of when they are only trying to survive the best way that they know how.

  3. Olivia L. says:

    Citation:
    McConnell, Tristan. “Death March: The Skeletal Children Who Bear Witness to a Growing Catastrophe.(News)(Somalia’s Famine).” Global Issues in Context. N.p., 22 Aug. 2011. Web. 20 Aug. 2011. .

    Factual Summary:
    The issues in Somalia are growing worse and worse everyday. People are constantly dying or being affected by droughts and famine in one way or another. Thousands of families are traveling to refugee camps that are located around the town of Dadaab. They are trying to escape their deaths by starvation or at the hands of the cruel Islamist army. Their feet are cracked and bruised and their bodies are fragile and broken from the days and sometimes weeks of endless walking. Thousands of people are suffering from malnutrition and many other preventable diseases such as, diarrhea, pneumonia, and measles. Reports of rape and sexual violence have increased and the crime ratings have tripled. Refugees and aid workers have stated “this is not only a lack of rain; it’s the failure of a government.”

    Vocabulary:
    The words I struggled with were trudge, incongruous, emaciated, meager, arduous, protruding, succumbed, maelstrom, puritanical, and militias. In order to find out what these words mean, I used dictionary.com and context clues.

    Interpretation:
    The author not only wanted to inform you about the tragedies in Somalia; he also wanted to persuade you into feeling concerned about the people who are suffering there. He wanted to make it so you could picture the innocent people who are constantly dying. And he showed in his words, his desperate want for the people in Somalia to be able to experience the freedom we have in America today.

    Criticism:
    Some points I agreed with were the fact that this issue is not just from the results of droughts. It is in fact the result of an abominable government. I do also agree that this issue will only continue to get worse because no one is taking action. No one is standing up for Somalia. And the people of Somalia are not fighting back because they are not in a situation where they can. They are unfortunately helpless and they have nowhere to turn. Therefore, the Islamist army of terrorists will continue to fight, kill and try to overtake the government. Also, I did not disagree with anything in this article because everything in the piece is backed up with facts. This article tells you all of the causes of this issue and all of the effects that are occurring. Therefore, I did not find anything to disagree with.

    Personal Response:
    I think this article is exceptional. And the reason for that is this spread is the honest truth. The author doesn’t sugar coat anything in his writing. It also explains to you the issue and gives you many details that support the facts. Although the topic is disheartening, it continues to stay intriguing throughout the entire piece.

  4. Teagan C. says:

    Teagan C.
    Lester 3rd Period
    Honors 10th Lit
    22 August 2011
    Title of Nonfiction Read: “South Africa sieves children of Zimbabwe beggars”
    Written By Robyn Dixon; Published 8/21/11

    (Factual Summary)
    In South Africa, Zimbabwe beggars have been having their children taken from them. The South African authorities argue that children needn’t be living in such poor conditions. They say that they will return the children when the parent has a home, job, and can show that she has exceptional living conditions. Zimbabwe beggars plead against this as it is almost impossible to find jobs to support their children. They fight saying that if South Africans would give them opportunities to find jobs instead of turning them away, supporting their children would not be as difficult.

    (Vocabulary)
    The troublesome words that I encountered while reading this article would have to be implacable and squalid. Usually I use context clues to find the definitions of words I do not understand, but in this case I used http://www.dictionary.com.

    (Interpretation)
    In my opinion, the author seemed to go into a lot of detail about the mothers whose children were being taken away. This really seemed to cause readers to favor the authorities, who seem to be treating these beggars with scorn instead of open arms. I think the author wanted us to become aware of the conditions of poor people and what trials they are put through on a daily basis.

    (Criticism)
    I felt a strong need to help the Zimbabwe beggars as I read this article. The mothers are completely correct. They cannot help that they are poor. In a sense, being a “poor person” makes people think of those who sit around, do nothing, and plead for the mercy of those around them. But this is not the case. These mothers are begging because they cannot get the work to pay for their children. Why do you think they came to South Africa anyway? The answer is that they came to this country to get work because they could not find work in their own country.

    I do find it very difficult to believe that authorities wouldn’t do anything to help these mothers. Clearly these women do not have much of a choice. They beg because that is the only way they can get food for their kids. Taking away their children is only going to make their situation more miserable. They are struggling for their children and when you take that child away it is like sticking a knife in their hearts. I just don’t understand how people could be so cruel to the misfortunate!

    (Personal Response)
    It is very obvious that someone needs to do something to help these people. Providing jobs for these mothers could really benefit both these women as well as help the South African economy. Having more workers helps companies prosper. I do not believe that taking away these children is doing any good for anyone. Although the child is placed in a relatively wealthy household, they will obviously miss their mothers and their mothers will miss them. Taking children away from the families is wrong and it needs to end now.

  5. Natalie S says:

    Natalie S
    Lester 3rd
    Honors Literature
    22 August 2011
    AIDS Orphans Reach New Level of Growth

    “Some health charities estimate that as many as one third of South Africa’s children could lose one or both parents by 2015.”(Gale) This is just one example of the astounding facts representative of the AIDS outbreak in our world today. An AIDS orphan is defined as a person under 18 who has lost one or both parents to HIV or AIDS. There are more than 15 million AIDS orphans around the world today, and 11.5 million of them are living in sub-Saharan Africa. Nine African countries have more than half a million AIDS orphans each. AIDS Orphans, by Gale Cengage Learning, is an article that addresses this issue. It states that about half the orphans in Africa are AIDS orphans. This number is shocking both because of the number of parents dying from this disease, and because of the growing number of children living hard lives of poverty on their own as a result of it. According to researchers, AIDS orphans suffer from both practical and psychological stress. “The child may have to nurse the parent, look after siblings, do housework, and maybe also work to contribute to household finances. This causes the child psychological distress that is only compounded when the parent dies. AIDS orphans may also suffer from discrimination and social isolation because of their association with the disease.”(Gale) Not only is this an example of astounding social injustice, it is symbolic of the nature of humans to ostracize one another simply because of what another has been through. It is heart-wrenching to know that some people suffer such injustice in our world.

    Within this piece, the definition of the phrase, “practical distress” was unclear to me. I used Google search engine to reference the meaning, and learned that practical distress is stress caused by a particular situation. In the case of AIDS orphans, practical distress refers to the emotional strains put on a child as they watch their parent die the slow death that HIV/AIDS brings. Although the AIDS outbreak is not as prominent in American society, it is comparable to the number of children in the U.S whose parents die of cancer each year. It is such a sad thing to know that despite all our medical advances, the world has yet to resolve the diseases that are taking the most lives.

    This work was written to inform the reader of the growing issue of AIDS in our world. Without people who are willing to speak out about injustice and real issues in society, no one will ever bother to fix them. I find it to be commendable that people all over the world are writing about these things. I believe that this is the reason researchers work so hard to relieve the medical strains disease puts on society.

    The article mentioned various tactics of facilitating AIDS orphans around the world. I found it easy to accept that people are devoting their lives to housing these children in families of children suffering from the same loss. It is refreshing to know that despite all the chaos and war that goes on in our world, there are people in our society who care. This shows that hope still lingers for our world. I found it difficult to accept the statistics and numbers of children that are suffering from this horrible tragedy. Being an American and living such a good life, it is hard to understand what people in other countries are living through. From my naïve perspective, the world is a good place. This article led me to believe I’ve lived thus far with horse blinders over my eyes, only seeing the tiny sliver of the world that I have lived in.

    This piece made me feel compassionate for the people whose lives are affected by AIDS. After reading the article, I felt angry because of what they are going through. It is an awful thing to know that as I type on my laptop in the comfort of my air-conditioned home, there are millions of children in Africa who are never going to hear their mother’s voice. I feel so blessed to be an American, but so regretful that I am only fifteen and cannot help the African people who need it most.

    Citation: “AIDS Orphans.” Global Issues in Context Online Collection. Detroit: Gale, 2011. Global Issues In Context. Web. 22 Aug. 2011.

  6. Adrienne A says:

    Factual Summary:
    This particular article is about Apartheid: Lingering Issues. In 1994 the African National Congress (ANC) took control of South Africa’s government, officially ending apartheid. The ANC nationally reformed to promote equality for the country. After that, apartheid was supposedly abolished but eventually came back around. With the education differences and poverty issues, it was hard to entirely get rid of apartheid. Until we officially end apartheid for good, the country of South Africa still has the issue of it.

    Vocabulary:
    Throughout the article, the words supremacist and bludgeoned I had trouble figuring out. In order to find the definition I used context clues. After, I went to http://dictionary.reference.com/ to confirm my interpretation on the words.

    Interpretation:
    The authors purpose in writing this piece about apartheid was for the reader to understand how the issue of apartheid is still lingering. Within the article it was clear that even though the ANC took control, all the statistics show how whites still over power blacks making it harder than ever for equality (like the Jim Crow laws in America).

    Criticism:
    I found it easy to agree with the fact that the ANC did attempt to abolish apartheid in 1994, however the results were not satisfactory. The post-apartheid poverty results were worse than they had been under apartheid, and the education power the whites had over the blacks was still tremendous. It was hard to accept the fact that no matter how hard the government tries it will be difficult to ever extinguish apartheid fully.

    Personal Response:
    After reading this commentary about apartheid, I felt the author had gotten his point across and really struck the topic emotionally. The piece made me feel selfish for not even acknowledging what was going on out side my own state, much less the country. Apartheid is definitely an issue at hand that people yet to realize is still present in this day.

  7. Sarena G. says:

    “New HIV/AIDS Study Findings Have Been Published by Scientists at University of London”

    MLA:”‘New HIV/AIDS Study FIndings Have Been Published by Scientists at University of
    London.'” Obesity, Fitness & Wellness Week 22 Aug. 2011: n. pag. Global
    Issues in Context. Web. 22 Aug. 2011. .

    Factual Summary:HIV/AIDS has taken its toll through out sub-Saharan African countries. It is furthermore a vast, developing factor throughout the African population. Both men and women can contract the disease, however, an analysis completed by the University of London showed the changes in people who attended HIV/AIDS knowledge meetings. Those who are exposed to the disease campaign showed great appreciation and understanding of the fatal disease.Individuals who were present at the assemblage have a lower risk of becoming infected, rather than those who are already attenuated, or have sexual behavioral changes.

    Vocabulary:I had difficulty in defining the words prospective and concomitantly. I resolved my lack of understanding these words by referring to http://www.dictionary.com. I discovered that prospective means potential, or likely. I also learned that concomitantly conveys an existing or occurring event.

    Interpretation:The author fancied the point of communicating about how perilous the HIV/AIDS disease can be to a person. By stating statistics, the author shows the accurate effect rates of the disease in the current population. The meetings in several communities of Africa acutely depict the hardships of the illness while informing others on what they can do to prevent it.

    Criticism:Based on the author’s facts and statistics,I agreed that AIDS is one of the most deadly diseases around today. I also comply that the meeting is a sufficient way to help make others aware of the diseases surrounding them. I did not perceive any disagreement with this article because the facts were stated clearly and concisely.

    Personal Response:I believe this piece was influential because you can learn about something that is potentially life threatening. You can also be taught how to put a halt on the disease by taking the correct actions to make sure that everyone around you is safe as well.

  8. Emily K. says:

    “HIV and AIDS in South Africa .” http://www.avert.org . Google News , n.d. Web. 22 Aug.
    2011. .

    The impact of the AIDS epidemic is shown in the dramatic change in South Africa’s mortality rates. The overall number of annual deaths increased quickly from 1997, when 316,559 people died, to 2006 when 607,184 people died. Young adults are most affected by AIDS and are unaware that they are impacting the rise of AIDS. They also have the highest risk of being diagnosed with this disease because of their lack of sex education. In 2006, 41 percent of deaths were attributed to twenty-five to forty-nine year olds, up from twenty-nine percent in 1997.This is a strong indicator that AIDS is a major factor in the overall rising number of deaths. We can help to decrease this number of deaths by educating the people of South Africa on sexual education.

    I encountered the vocabulary term “PMTCT” and didn’t understand the word’s meaning. I resolved my lack of understanding with this word by looking it up on dictionary.com and using context clues in the article. I then found it meant Prevention of mother-to-child transmisison.

    The main point the author was trying to get across was to inform people of the impact that AIDS is having on South Africa. An estimated 5.6 million people were living with HIV and AIDS in South Africa in 2009, more than in any other country. It is believed that in 2009, an estimated three hundred ten-thousand South Africans died of AIDS.There are a number of large scale communication campaigns related to raising awareness of HIV and AIDS as well as broader health-related issues to help lower these numbers.

    Although I agreed with most of the article, I found it shocking how high the number deaths are from AIDS. There are thousands of people who die every day in South Africa from this horrible disease yet no doctor has concluded any cure. For the most part, I don’t disagree with any of the information in this article. I found it all to be very factual and I learned a great deal about AIDS and HIV in South Africa.

    Personally, I think this article hits hard on the harsh but true facts of AIDS and our lack of awareness. This article made me more aware of the horrible effects AIDS has on South Africa. Not only adults, but innocent children are being affected by this serious and deathly disease. The national transmission rate of HIV from mother to child is approximately eleven percent. The only way to put a stop to the spreading of AIDS in South America is to inform young adults of how to prevent it.

  9. Elizabeth H says:

    Information Source: “The ‘Good’ Side to Famine And War Deaths [column].” Africa News Service 4 Aug. 2011. Global Issues In Context. Web. 22 Aug. 2011.

    Factual Summary:
    In this column, the author speaks of the current problems of famine and war in the countries of Kenya, Somalia, Ethiopia, and Uganda, and how they attempt to mend these problems. She then proposes the idea that these problems result in small benefits at a political and governmental standpoint along their progression.

    Vocabulary:
    A. Some vocabulary words I was unfamiliar with in this column were coup, junta, regime, devolution, guerrilla, and strident. Coup is an abbreviation for coup d’état, which is a sudden illegal or forceful change in government, or a rebellion. A junta is a group of people or a council of people who take over a region or country after a coup d’état takes place, but before a legal government is established. The regime is the system of rule of the junta. Devolution is the reassignment of power from a central to a local system of government. A guerrilla is a group of irregular soldiers that use “hit-and-run” tactics to overthrow a territory possessed by a regular force. To be strident is to have an irritating character.
    B. I used an online dictionary to find the meanings of the aforementioned vocabulary words.

    Interpretation:
    I think the main point the author is conveying in this column is that overall negative ideas can have small benefits within them. The drought, famine, and war in countries such as Kenya, Ethiopia, Somalia, and Uganda aid political and governmental improvements because the political and governmental leaders have to further modify and develop former strategies to facilitate in producing solutions.

    Criticism:
    A. I agree with the author’s conception that negative ideas can have benefits within them because there are plenty of examples of this. For example, divorce is a negative concept on the surface, but it can be beneficial to a child or the spouses getting the divorce because it can eliminate bad influences for the child, and also reduce emotionally harmful arguments between spouses.
    B. I disagree with the author that the positive results of these negative concepts would amount to a great deal of improvement in their structural systems because these countries may not need much change to take place in their systems to have the ability to propose solutions for their tribulations.

    Personal Response:
    I extensively enjoyed this article because it inclined me to think deeply about the troubles of other countries in our world and how they must deal with these troubles. Additionally, I thought of the underlying philosophical and psychological points of the author, and I was enthusiastic to attempt to think in the way she does.

  10. Ben M. says:

    Ben M.
    Mrs. Lester
    Honors Lit/ Comp.
    22 August 2011

    Piracy at Sea

    In the sixth chapter, the word burgeoning is one that I have never heard before. Also, the words swashbuckling and romanticized remain a mystery to me even though I have read the context around them multiple times. These words are rarely used in the English language but when describing certain people or things, they are very accurate. Resurgence is another word that i discovered in the passage describing the rise of piracy in the second half of the 20th century.
    By using context clues, I figured out the meaning of most of the words that I had trouble with. A few of these words needed further attention past looking at context clues. Resurgence was a word that I could not figure out based on context clues. To find the meanings of these words, I had to divert my studies to websites such as dictionary.com as well as reference.com. These websites were full of information that allowed me to understand the meanings of these words that were mysterious to my vocabulary.
    One of the main points that the author wanted me to get from this reading was to just raise my awareness about this particular issue off the coast of Somalia. This writer was very informative as they wrote many startling examples that usually ended in the death of either the pirates or their hostages. These examples were very eye-opening in terms of understanding exactly what is happening half way around the world. I believe that this reader succeeded in their mission to inform the readers of the article to walk away from the article with a better understanding of what issues are taking place. The writer is obviously upset about the whole issue and wants to raise awareness about it.
    I agreed with the writers attitude towards the whole subject of piracy. While we live comfortably in our homes, pirates are taking hostages and killing innocent people for sometimes unknown reasons. Another intention of the writer was to inform the reader and I definitely left this article with a great understanding of pirates and their greedy ways. This writer and i have many traits in common in terms of wanting the end of piracy now and forever. Pirates are a rising threat to Somalians as well as other African countries on the coasts. Not only are Africans facing poverty, but now they must worry about any supplies that they might have received by sea.
    The writer and I saw eye to eye on pretty much every statement and fact that they presented. The amount people killed by pirates is staggering and the writer makes it very clear that this is very unfair towards tourists who just happen to be in the wrong place at the wrong time. This writer presented many facts that made it very difficult to disagree with the fact that pirates are taking over the coast of Somalia with violent force. This article was also a more informative article than just a very one-sided, biased article. The writer did very well in keeping their emotions out of the article and just writing an informative article that helped people understand piracy better.
    I personally loved this article. The writer left me with a better understanding of piracy and put some sadness in my heart because of all of the families whose sons, daughters, and wives were killed by pirates. This article also put a fire in my heart that makes me want to do something to end the killings of American citizens as well as bring the guilty pirates to justice. I believe that the article was well written and included facts that the average American would not have known. All in all, this article was very informative and allowed me to be able to give my opinion on this subject if it were ever brought up.

  11. Adam M. says:

    This article is about the starvation in the African country of Somalia. The local terrorist group, Al Shabab, has made relief efforts very difficult for the agencies trying to bring food to the people of Somalia. The article talks about Dabaab, the largest refugee camp in Somalia. Dabaab now has 420,000 people. The article later goes on to talk about the country’s donations and private donations.

    Words whose meaning were unclear were epicentre, which means the focal point of an activity,
    and reputable, which means honorable or respectable.

    I resolved may lack of understanding by using http://www.dictionary.com.

    I believe that the author was trying to create a feeling of pity for the people in the relief camps as well as persuade the readers to donate to the cause. In one of the paragraphs, it talks about how the countries need to fulfill their pledges to the camp. In another, it states how private donations can help the facility. It also tried to create a sense of pity for these people by stating how many people use the facility and how many people have died in the last year due to starvation.

    I agreed with the facts that the article presented that related to the severity of the problem that starvation presents. However, I disagree with the way that the article says that other countries need to offer so much support to the country.

    I thought that the article was very informative and also was very persuasive with the presentation of the facts.This piece influenced my ideas about the crisis in Somalia. I was unaware of the severity of the problem. It made me see how tragic starvation can be.

    “Somalia Crisis (Editorial).” The Hamilton Spectator 17 Aug. 2011: n. pag.
    GALE Issues in Context. Web. 22 Aug. 2011. .

  12. Eric D. says:

    MLA Citation:
    Rudd, Kelly, Richard Hanes, and Sarah Hermsen. “Apartheid of South Africa.” Global Issues In Context Perspectives on International News and Events. Gale, 22 Aug. 2011. Web. 22 Aug. 2011.

    Factual Summary:
    The article I have chosen discusses the subject of Apartheid. Apartheid is defined as a policy of racial separation and discrimination. “Apartheid of South Africa,” contains information on a select few who gave all they had to give whites and blacks equal rights. The idea of Apartheid was abolished in 1989 when F.W. de Klerk became president, but Apartheid still lingers in society today.

    Vocabulary:
    There were a few words that I came across in my reading that I didn’t fully comprehend. I had trouble with the words reservation and discrimination. I didn’t really have a clue what reservation meant and I didn’t fully understand the meaning of discrimination. So despite my confusion, I read on and found a word bank within the article. I found both words and now understand them completely.

    Interpretation:
    Authors try and make the reader come into full understanding of a lot of subjects in this article. Most noticeable, the biggest situation at hand, Apartheid is bad. They explain that if our country is full of racism and hate we can’t work as a team to tackle bigger issues. The authors want us to stand up for what we believe in and stop Apartheid from causing things such as war.

    Criticism:
    I agree with the fact that Apartheid is bad for our world and should not be something we should have to worry about when it is such a minor deal. However, I don’t think Apartheid will ever come to a complete stop. You can’t make every person agree with you and your views. For the most part I felt as if the authors did a great job getting points across to the reader.

    Personal Response:
    I felt that this article was trying to point out the topics that kind of take a backseat with everything else going on in society. The article is well written and brings up how I feel about racism in modern day. Everyone should be treated equal in my book. No matter what kind of slight difference when compared one to another. This article helps point out all of that.

  13. Kristiena S. says:

    Factual Summary: This article talks about canned hunting in South Africa and how it is being recognized as an illegal activity as of recently. It has become a problem around the world, and it is being looked down upon by animal-rights activists and even some hunters. Canned hunting is supposed to horrible effects on the animal itself, such as a variant of the “mad-cow” disease and is giving hunters an unfair advantage over the trophy animals they are can-hunting. Dart hunting is gaining in popularity, where the hunter shoots the animal with tranquilizer darts instead of bullets. Hunters can then have a picture with their trophy animal and the animal gets to walk away, unharmed, after.

    Vocabulary: Vocabulary in this article that I had trouble understanding include the words loom, mundane, abattoir and albeit. Also the phrase, “copped some flak,” I did not understand. I found out what these words and phrase meant by using context clues and looking up words and the phrase that I still did not fully understand in the dictionary and online.

    Interpretation: The main point the author wanted me to get from this article is the knowledge of the effects of canned hunting in South Africa and even all over the world of today. This article gives a different perspective of canned hunting and it persuades me to think that the author was against this past-time or trophy hunting activity. Global Agenda points out that it is still legal to lure lions, leopards and hyena with bait and that leads me to believe that the author is against the idea altogether.

    Criticism: While reading this article I found the importance of big game hunting in Africa. It is a big revenue builder and it attracts tourism. I find it easy to accept the fact that many in the world like to hunt big game and that they are starting to do so with dart hunting. Although, I find it hard to believe that people are trapping animals in cages and shooting them for trophy hunting just because they are to lazy or scared to go out, find the animal and shoot it themselves.

    Personal Response: Personally I am not a hunter, but I do understand the need to hunt animals for food and what not. Unfortunately many big game hunters are just killing their animals for trophies and not using the animal for food purposes. I am glad to see that there have been some changes in the way hunters are hunting their trophy animals. Dart hunting seems a lot more humane opposed to the method of canned hunting.

    Works Cited

    Global Agenda. “Animal rights in South Africa; The boom in canned hunting; No

    kill, no bill.” Global Issues in Context. Global Agenda, n.d. Web. 20 Apr.

    2007.

  14. Jordan G. says:

    Factual Summary:
    In this article, the affect of the famine on the education of children in Somalia shows. It goes into depth on the lives of many children living in Somalia or who have recently fled from the country. An actual child is interviewed and he discusses his wishes to become a doctor one day to help others even though he has never had an education. The number of enrolled students expects to drop soon because of the lack of food in the area. Parents prioritize getting their families fed before giving them an education.

    Vocabulary:
    The word “Quran” was used in the article and it looked familiar to me although I wanted to be sure I knew what it meant. I referenced an online dictionary to realize that it is the religious text of Islam and I quickly remembered learning about it. Also, the word “sentiments” was used in a paragraph. I am very familiar with the word but the way it was used in the sentence confused me greatly. Using context clues, I concluded it describes someone who agrees with another person’s opinion. The last word I saw was “queue” and I had no idea what that word meant. It is a word used to name a line of people waiting for something.

    Interpretation:
    The main idea or focus of the article was to address the problems most people face in Somalia today. Families flee their homes on a search for food to feed themselves. As though this problem was not enough, the author makes a point about the children suffering from this epidemic. Because families are on the hunt for food to survive, children do not receive an education. This has to do with the lack of food as well as the absence of any education system in the country. All schools are run by communities with no help from the government. Unlike other places, a fee is charged for a child to attend a school. This makes it nearly impossible for most children to go to school when they are constantly on the move and have no extra money for an education. Only 30% of children attend a primary school in the country and this number will descend.

    Criticism:
    I honestly have to agree with most of the personal opinions in the article. The 30% enrollment rate perishes into comparison with surrounding countries. I do agree that although the famine poses a large issue, the smaller things that run off of it will eventually lead to even bigger problems. However, I do not agree with how the camps treat education. It should become a higher priority for the children to have some sort of education during the day to save the future of Somalia.

    Personal Response:
    This piece really had me thinking more about the future than the problems currently at hand. I agree that the first thing that should be taken care of is the food crisis. However, without an education the same things that happen now will continue to happen in the future. We have to give children the essentials for growing up into a better life and that requires some sort of adequate education. I am beginning to get an understanding of the world outside of this country and how much people actually suffer. Many of these families have to leave their homes to go to camps full of other people with hopes that maybe they can be helped. Numerous people die everyday in these camps and even on the journey to them with desperation for assistance.

    Esipisu, Isaiah. “Massive School Dropouts as Famine Continues.” Africa News Service 19 Aug. 2011: n. pag. Global Issues in Context. Web. 22 Aug. 2011. .

  15. Jacob M says:

    Title of Non-Fiction Read: “Somalia-Global war on Terror and the Humanitarian Crisis”
    Written By: Horace Campbell
    Publication Date:18 August 2011
    Source: Google News

    Factual Summary
    This piece focuses about the terrorist activity, the famines, the state of Somalia and its government, ad the actions being taken by other countries to help the Somalian people. The actions being made consist of attempts to create a self supporting Government, fundraisers to help feed and clothe Somalian children, mobilising doctors, teachers, farmers, engineers, and nurses, keeping violence to a minimum while still maintaining a strong military foothold, and attempts to stabilize the country. The need in this in Somalia is great, since the famines and terrorism are plaguing the country.

    Vocabulary
    The words that gave me trouble in this article consisted of Gung Ho, Anti-Imperialist Rhetoric, Radicalization, Islamophobic, and neo-conservative. To better understand these words I used context clues, a dictionary, and I also broke down words to understand their meaning. For Example, I broke down the word “Islamophobic” into two different words, Islam, which is a religion widely believed throughout the world, and phobic, which is an anxiety disorder that causes fear of an item or an idea. Breaking down the word helped me to better understand this article.

    Interpretation
    I feel that the author wanted to express the point of the worldwide problem of terrorism, and in specific, the terrorists in Somalia. This is an international issue that is present everywhere and relates to people all over the world. The author most likely wrote this article to detest against the actions taken by the government and the humanitarianism groups against the terrorist .

    Criticism
    I find many points agreeable in this article. This would include the point that the United States Military needs to start being more violent towards the terrorists. According to this article, the American military has made not attempted to remove the terrorist from their power. Another agreeable point that is made is that the funds and supplies should go to the people of Somalia, not to the government for distribution. According to the article, supplies are handed to the Somalian Government to be distributed to the poor but the supplies are distributed unfairly, and this causes Somalian citizens to go hungry.
    Although many points are agreeable, There is one part I do not agree with. This is that the author believes that Somalia should hold an election for a new leader, and remove the current group from power. Although I do agree that the current people in power should be removed, do not think that the Somalian people should elect a new president. This is because this country is not very educated, so it is possible that they could make a wrong decision and elect someone just as bad or worse than the current government.

    Personal Response
    This piece has changed my view on terrorism and humanitarianism. Up until the point of reading this article, I did not know that terrorism was an extreme problem in other places other than the Middle East. This also changes my view on African countries. I always thought that when a person was poor or starving, it was their own fault. This has changed now that I have realized that terrorist can terrorize people still money, take supplies, and starve countries. I now feel that Something should be done in Somalia, and all other countries that are having similar problems.

    Citation
    Campbell, Horace. “Somalia – Global War on Terror And the Humanitarian Crisis.” AllAfrica.com. N.p.,
    18 Aug. 2011. Web. 22 Aug. 2011. .

  16. Ben O. says:

    Ben O’D.
    Mrs. Lester
    August 22, 2011
    Honors World Lit.

    Africa Current Issue Blog
    I. Factual Summary
    The article explains the referendum in Sudan of the primarily Islamic North, and the Christian and tribal South. The article states that since its independence from Great Britain in 1956, Sudan has been controlled by the Muslim North, and the country’s citizens were not able to move freely within the country. In 1989 a dictator by the name of Omar Hassan al-Bashir, took control of the country and enforced strict Islamic law. There was a peace treaty signed in 2005 by the military, controlled by the northern states, and the rebels, the southerners, that seized fire across the nation. Fighting has erupted, in early June, and the Sudanese government does not know how to control its people with just actions. There has been a reported three million deaths in this civil war. The good news is that the fighting has stopped and al-Bashir has only good wishes for the people for southern Sudan.

    II. Vocabulary
    There was only one word that I had trouble understanding; the word was referendum. In order to understand this word I first asked my father and he said “It is a reformation, in this case a reformation of independence.” My father is an educated man, but he is not the most reliable source. So I went to Dictionary.com, and it turns out my dad was wrong. The correct definition is “The submission of a proposed public measure or actual statute to a direct popular vote.” Noticing that this is the correct definition to use I quickly changed my response.

    III. Interpretation
    The main point that the author was trying to get across is that the Southern Sudanese rebels were extremely out gunned, but the rebels were not out-willed. Also another point is that sooner or later the news of three million deaths will get out to the media at some time, and that there is no point in trying to hide it.

    IV. Criticism
    I totally agreed the fact that the sides signed a peace treaty to try to stop the violence. This is a good start to rehabilitate a war torn nation, and help this once powerful nation prosper again. My only question is what are the other countries that are surrounding

    Sudan doing to help? I do not even know what the United Nations doing to help these refugees. My only suggestion is that we better start doing something soon before the peace ends.

    V. Personal response
    I think this a very informative article about the hardships that Sudanese people face every day. It has surely open my eyes to the conflicts in our world. This article also makes me want to do anything to help these refugees, like showing them what the power of Christ and the church can do to one emotionally and physically.

  17. Ben O. says:

    Ben O
    August 22, 2011
    Honors World Lit.

    Africa Current Issue Blog
    I. Factual Summary
    The article explains the referendum in Sudan of the primarily Islamic North, and the Christian and tribal South. The article states that since its independence from Great Britain in 1956, Sudan has been controlled by the Muslim North, and the country’s citizens were not able to move freely within the country. In 1989 a dictator by the name of Omar Hassan al-Bashir, took control of the country and enforced strict Islamic law. There was a peace treaty signed in 2005 by the military, controlled by the northern states, and the rebels, the southerners, that seized fire across the nation. Fighting has erupted, in early June, and the Sudanese government does not know how to control its people with just actions. There has been a reported three million deaths in this civil war. The good news is that the fighting has stopped and al-Bashir has only good wishes for the people for southern Sudan.

    II. Vocabulary
    There was only one word that I had trouble understanding; the word was referendum. In order to understand this word I first asked my father and he said “It is a reformation, in this case a reformation of independence.” My father is an educated man, but he is not the most reliable source. So I went to Dictionary.com, and it turns out my dad was wrong. The correct definition is “The submission of a proposed public measure or actual statute to a direct popular vote.” Noticing that this is the correct definition to use I quickly changed my response.

    III. Interpretation
    The main point that the author was trying to get across is that the Southern Sudanese rebels were extremely out gunned, but the rebels were not out-willed. Also another point is that sooner or later the news of three million deaths will get out to the media at some time, and that there is no point in trying to hide it.

    IV. Criticism
    I totally agreed the fact that the sides signed a peace treaty to try to stop the violence. This is a good start to rehabilitate a war torn nation, and help this once powerful nation prosper again. My only question is what are the other countries that are surrounding Sudan doing to help? I do not even know what the United Nations doing to help these refugees. My only suggestion is that we better start doing something soon before the peace ends.

    V. Personal response
    I think this a very informative article about the hardships that Sudanese people face every day. It has surely open my eyes to the conflicts in our world. This article also makes me want to do anything to help these refugees, like showing them what the power of Christ and the church can do to one emotionally and physically.

    MLA Citation
    “Southern Sudan Independence Referendum.” Global Issues in Context Online Collection. Detroit: Gale, 2011. Global Issues In Context. Web. 22 Aug. 2011.

  18. Ella W says:

    Ella W.
    Mrs. Lester
    Hon 10th Lit/Comp
    22 August 2011

    Summary:
    A terrible case of a seemingly unbreakable cycle, this editorial segment focuses its facts around the underlying causes of starvation in certain African countries. It is true that a deadly famine has returned to East Africa. This region continues to get mainstream media attention with the commericials that bring a tear to the eye and the “part time” news watchers of the world see only what those that control the tone of the information want us to see. There is no question that people are starving but the cause is what is not being reported.
    The dreadful images we are being shown are largely Somalians.These unfortunate individuals are the victims of what the article calls “corrupt and fictional central government”.Through an amazing amount of political influences and failures of many nations trying to do the “right thing” over the decades, this region is the source of the devastation.Todays conditions stem from the “leftover fall out” from how over 40 nations threw elbows in 1990 to get relief to those Somalians suffering at that time. Born from the vehicle of a multi-media frenzy, tens of thousands of relief workers ignored local policies and delivered food and other items. This effort was abandoned in 1995 and the world left Somalia in a state of war economy.
    From there, conditions went further down hill. The government in Somalia has been deemed terrorists after 9/11 and six years ago, the Bush administration encouranged Ethiopia to invade and overthrow the then Islamic leaders. From this low point, radical extremists came in to power for four years during which any aid still coming in to Somalia was hoarded and kept by those corrupt in power. The same Islamic leader that the US encouraged Ethiopia to throw from power was invited back to Somalia to lead a transitional government and to rid the country of the militia threats within the extremist population. This, too, has been a failure.
    Conditions worsen daily for the Somalians. Their government has stolen the aid coming in to help the suffering people and they are using it to fund tourist projects and development for Djibouti and Nairobi.
    Six months ago, the threat to end aid from those that donate was laid before this completely inept government. They put on the appearance that they were going to improve conditions for their people and turn things around for the country but instead of doing this, asked for more time to get organized.
    Many nations have failed the people of Somalia by getting caught up in the politics of politics. By continuing to not draw full attention to the corruption of the transitional government leaders in Somalia, the media is failing this poor and suffering population as well. The suffering will end when a government is in place in Somalia that sincerely is to quote one of the greatest documents ever written-“of the people and by the people”.

    Vocabulary-
    pervasively-existing in or spreading through every part of something
    stipends- n.fixed or regular pay; salary
    assented-v.To agree, as to a proposal; concur

    By reviewing the words in the sentences I was able to ascertain what the words were implying and how they fit in to the sentence message (context clues).

    Interpretation: The author’s point was clear in that the truth behind why the Somalian famine is not being clearly communicated. The message we hear plays on our heart strings and pushes us to come in and fix this by throwing money at a situation through donation. This does not address the core issue. The root of the problem is in the corruption of the current government officials in Somalia and partly in how the US labeled some of the Somalian officials as terrorists- thus halting all aid efforts. The author wants the reader to have the full picture. Somalians famine is not because we have stopped donating out of generosity but the suffering is at the hands of politicians. This won’t go away with a care package.

    Criticism:
    A. With which points of the piece did you agree or find easy to accept? This article is an example of how government when infiltrated by power hungry and selfish people with misguided intentions hurts the very people that government is there to protect and serve. I find it easy to believe that this is the root cause of the issue in Somalia because the article points out that the region has long ago learned to anticipate and work with the drought conditions by leveraging the existing humanitarian programs that are in place and were working well.

    B. With which points of the piece did you disagree or find difficult to believe? I struggle to believe that this has not made a larger spill into prime time media. There are those TV personalities out there that would love to bring this to light and use the situation to their further their ratings.

    Personal Response:
    This article angers me. I have a jaded view of politicians in general. I believe most politicians say one thing and mean another depending on who they are talking to at that moment. This article takes my feeling toward government to an entire other level. To purposefully withhold food from children and innocent people in the name of greed and power is abhorring.
    If I knew my money was going directly to help these people, I would give them all of my savings but the framework around the organizations out there that claim to be non-profit leave me feeling as though the problem is much bigger than we can possibly fathom.

    Independent [London, England]. “The Famine Is a Failure of Politics, Not of
    Generosity.” Editorial. Gale Issues in Context. N.p., 25 July 2011. Web. 22
    Aug. 2011. .

  19. Katie L. says:

    Katie L.
    Lester 3rd period
    Honors 10th Lit/Comp
    22 August 2011
    African Famine Relief

    Citation: “African Famine Relief.” Global Issues in Context Online Collection. Detroit: Gale, 2011. Global Issues In Context. Web. 22 Aug. 2011.

    Factual Summary: The horn of Africa are struggling under conditions of drought, high food costs, and civil unrest and has led to some of the most severe conditions of famine that the area has seen in nearly two decades. Rough drought conditions have lead to hardly any crops, and not enough food to feed live stalk. The animals have been too thin to eat or they are sick and dying. There is nothing worth trading with other countries because the condition of the so called “goods” are so poor. The water is contaminated and other nations around the world are helping by trying to send food and water from organizations , but because of the civil unrest and fragile government they sometimes barred of access to get food to the citizens of the horn of Africa. The citizens are dependent on theses originations to help provide adequate nutrition for the millions with malnutrition. An on-going study has been working on improvements for trying to get north Africa dependent of the organizations that are bring in food and are trying to help them find their own way.

    Vocabulary: I had difficulty with the words famine, garner, diversification, infrastructure, and impoverished. They sounded familiar but I wasn’t sure on their exact definition so I looked up the definition to be sure on http://dictionary.reference.com/ I discovered that Famine means an extreme scarcity of food or extreme hunger. Garner means to gather or deposit. Diversification is the process of manufacturing a variety of products. I came in to knowledge that infrastructure means the systems serving a country like a school and impoverished is to be reduced to poverty.

    Interpretation: I feel that the author wanted to inform the public of the extremeness of the situation of the people living in the horn or Africa for the past decade. It seems as if they wanted people to know not only what was going on or taking place there but why it is so. Why there is a famine and what has been stopping us from fixing this problem but what has been talked about and what we can do now and plans in the future for fixing this problem. There was also options that we have and suggestions that I would have never even thought about to help improve the famine problems in north Africa.

    Criticism: There was a point in my article about the different organizations that are giving everything they can to help the starved families in Africa. “In many cases their lives depend solely on getting food aid from outside organizations such as the untied nations, nongovernmental organizations such as CARE, Oxfam, and the Red Cross, and from other countries.” I agree with what they are doing because I feel that whether its many different countries than my own there are still human being living there and they do not deserve to starve to death and I believe that we should help our fellow beings. Another way that they are trying to help resolve or at least help to diminish this famine is producing and distributing a high calorie, protein rich, vitamin-fortified, peanut “goo” that comes in ready to use packets. It can be digested by children in advanced states of malnourishments. They are now working on making a factory for this product to help the people in Africa. I think this is a marvelous idea and will help millions in need. The last idea in which I support is the study that says that Africa can supply its own food needs. It calls for the modernization of farms and storage facilities and the careful use of genetically modified crops. I support the idea of helping our fellow people in getting the help they need while offering a slow way to come off the dependence of other countries and helping them get back on their own two feet and finding their own way as well. I didn’t really disagree with any of the methods mentioned in the article but I would be concerned on how much money America has put into this as we are already in a giant debt and don’t need to throw money around even if it is to help with other people when we can not even help our own.

    Personal Response: I thought this piece was very informative and I learned allot about what is currently happening and the struggles that Africa is undergoing. I thought that the methods to help resolve the issue were very good and I agree with all of them. I never would have thought some of them up though like the peanut goo. I would only have thought to send relief money or food and jugs of water but nothing like a product to help the malnutrition in specific. Also the idea of modernizing Africa would have never came to my mind. I guess the influences me by trying to persuade me to be creative and think outside the box when there is someone in need.

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